Early Education Program

for Hearing Impaired Children

Common causes of permanent childhood hearing loss

Hearing loss can be caused by:

1. Genetic factors
2. Ototoxic drugs (Some drugs that have a toxic effect on hearing)
3. Damage caused to the unborn child by a virus such as rubella or cytomegalovirus
4. Jaundice especially when serious enough to need a blood transfusion
5. Prematurity, lack of oxygen at birth and other birth traumas
6. Meningitis or viruses such as mumps and measles
7. Serious head injuries can sometimes cause hearing loss

Although a number of causes for deafness are known, it is often difficult to find the cause of a child’s hearing loss. The Paediatric Hearing Loss Investigation Clinic (PHLIC) is a specialised clinic that can sometimes assist families to find the cause of their child’s deafness. PHLIC is run from Monash Medical Centre, Clayton. Genetic counselling is available from Monash Medical Centre and the Royal Children’s Hospital. If parents want more information please contact the EEP for further details.